The origins of modern surveillance states can be trace

 back to the US government’ s military occupation of the Philippines in the 1890s. Christ

opher J. Coyne, a professor at George Mason University in the United States sai

d in the book Tyranny Comes Home that under the leadership of Ralph Van Deman, the father of US military int

elligence, the American occupier established an advanced monitoring agency at the time to suppress rebels and dissidents.

In May 1917, Vanderman took charge of the Military Intelligence Section (

MIS), a similar surveillance facility in the United States, and which would eventually evo

lve into the US National Security Agency (NSA). In 1955, the United States further launched an intelligence gat

hering and analysis network consisting of five English-speaking countries: the United States, Britain, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Thi

s is the so-called “five-eye alliance.” As a result, the five countries can globally intercept and monitor telephone exc

hanges, faxes, mails and other information transmitted by satellite communications.